Nepal At a Glance

Nepal although being a small country is bestowed with natural beauty and is rich in unique culture. Lying between India and China, the country has a total land area of 147,181 square kilometers. The lowest point lies at 70 meters while the highest at 8848 meters above the sea level. Nepal makes a great destination for tourists due to its wealth of Himalayas like Mount Everest, Annapurna, Makalu, Baruntse etc. Nepal is also a popular destination for adventure activities like white water rafting, paragliding, canoeing, bungy jumping, swing etc. The diversity of flora and fauna in Nepal also attracts many tourists from all over the world. Safaris in Chitwan National Park, Bardiya National Park and some other national parks and conservation areas in the Himalayan, Hilly and Terai region are flocked by many visitors to see the beautiful flora and fauna found in Nepal.

Continent: Asia
Location: Situated between India and Tibet, an autonomous region of the people’s republic of China.
1. Latitude: 26* 22′ and 30* 27′ North
2. Longitude: 80* 4′ and 88* 12′ East
Area: 147,181 sq.kms
Capital: Kathmandu
Time Zone: 5 hours 45minutes ahead of GMT.
People: Nepal has more than 100 ethnic groups and over 125 spoken languages
Population: About 26 million
Population growth rate: 2.25 per annum
Currency: Nepali Rupees (approximately US$ 1 equal to 70)
Language: Nepali is the national language however travels trade people understand and speak English as Well.
Political System: Multiparty Democracy System
Topography: From the world’s deepest gorge “kali- Gandaki to highest point on earth” the Everest.
Vegetation: Nepal possesses wide range of vegetation due to its unique topographical variation.
Weather: Climate ranges from tropical in the low lands to arctic in higher altitudes.
Season: Nepal has four major season:-
1) winter (December – February)
2)spring (March – May)
3)summer (June – August)
4)Autumn ( September – November)
Nepal can visited whole year around.
What to wear: Light weight cloth is recommended for May through October, warm garment are required In October – March, An umbrella or raincoat is must for the rainy season.
Monsoon: Mostly rains day and night, making following days crispy clean and fresh. Most of the Northern belt of the trans- Himalayan zone is rain shadowed and ideal for trekking especially such as Upper Mustang, Dolpo, Manaslu, Around Annapurna etc.
Political System: Nepal was declared a Federal Democratic Republic state on May 28, 2008, during the first meeting of the Constituent Assembly. It was previously a multiparty democracy since 1990
National flower: Red Rhododendron (Laligurash)
National Animal: Cow
National Bird: Dafe (Impeyan Pheasant)
World Heritage Site (Cultural): 1, Kathmandu Durbar Square
2, Pashupatinath
3, Boudhanath
4, Swayambhunath (Monkey Temple)
5, Chagunarayan
6, Patan Durbar Square
7, Bhaktapur Durbar Square
8, Lumbini
World Heritage site (Natural): 1, Sagarmatha National Park (Everest Region)
2,Royal Chitwan National Park